::: TSR Weekly Report
2019-08-10 | NO.43(32) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
 China Bans Movies, Actors from Prominent Taiwan Film Awards (2019-08-07)
(Associated Press, By Christopher Bodeen) China announced Wednesday that Chinese movies and actors would be banned from participating in Taiwan's Golden Horse Awards. Although not given as the reason behind the ban, China was displeased with last year's ceremony in which a Taiwanese winner made pro-Taiwanese independence remarks during her acceptance speech. The Taiwanese government condemned the move and called on China to not bring politics into cross-strait cultural exchanges. <Accessed 2019-08-07>

HK Film Companies to Boycott Taipei Golden Horse Awards (2019-08-09)
(CNA, By Chang Shu-ling, Elaine Hou, and Emerson Lim) In light of China's boycott of this year's Taipei Golden Horse Film Festival, multiple Hong Kong film companies have also announced their withdrawal from the competition. Although China's announcement did not specify whether Hong Kong would compete, firms based in Hong Kong have expressed their intention to not participate. The American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) expressed their support for Taiwan amid China's boycott. <Accessed 2019-08-10>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Parliamentarian Group's Annual Meeting Opens in Taipei (2019-08-05)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) The Asian-Pacific Parliamentarians' Union's (APPU) annual three-day meeting is being held in Taipei this year, starting on Monday. Over one hundred dignitaries from the organization's seventeen member nations are in attendance. The APPU's general assembly meeting, hosted by Taiwan's legislative speaker, is expected to focus on trade, the marine environment, and sustainability. <Accessed 2019-08-06>

Foxconn Billionaire Terry Gou Meets KMT Heavyweight in Taipei, Fuelling Talk of Election Bid
(South China Morning Post, By Minnie Chan) Taiwan’s former legislative speaker Wang Jin-pyng had a two-hour meeting with billionaire Terry Gou Tai-ming over the weekend, fuelling speculation they could team up with Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je to launch a presidential bid in January. <Accessed 2019-08-06>

Taiwan People's Party Formed by Taipei Mayor (2019-08-06)
(CNA, By Liang Pei-chi, Ku Chuan, Chen Yi-hsuan, and Joseph Yeh) Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je formed the Taiwan People's Party (TPP) on Tuesday, with Ko elected as its founding chairman. The TPP takes its name from the early 1900s Taiwanese political party of the same name, founded by Taiwanese politician Chiang Wei-shui. The party has 111 founding members and is open to the public, according to the TPP. <Accessed 2019-08-08>

Taiwan, Nauru Sign Legal Cooperation Deal (2019-08-07)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) Nauru and Taiwan signed a legal cooperation agreement on stopping cross-border crime this Wednesday. The agreement establishes channels and mechanisms for bilateral cooperation and communication on criminal investigations and crime-fighting. Nauru is the sixth nation to sign such an agreement with Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-08-08>

St. Vincent Prime Minister Arrives in Taiwan to Open Embassy (2019-08-07)
(CNA, By Wen Kuei-hsiang and Joseph Yeh) St. Vincent and the Grenadines Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves arrived in Taiwan on Wednesday for a week-long visit to the island. On Thursday, Gonsalves will oversee the official opening of St. Vincent's embassy in Taiwan. Currently, St. Vincent and the Grenadines is the only formal Taiwanese ally that does not maintain an embassy in Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-08-08>
U.S.-China Relations
Did Trump Just Scuttle US-China Trade Talks (Again)? (2019-08-05)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) Less than a day after the U.S. and China resumed trade talks in Shanghai, U.S. President Donald Trump announce on Twitter that he would add a 10 percent tariffs on $300 billion worth of Chinese goods effective September 1. However, on Trump's final tweet, he tweeted that the future between the U.S. and China is set to be very bright. <Accessed 2019-08-05>

Is America Now Directly Arming Against China? (2019-08-05)
(The Diplomat, By Christopher K. Colley) The Unite States has recently hinted that three weapons systems demonstrate the United States' plans for a potential confrontation with China. They are the Virginia-class nuclear powered attack submarines, the Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyer (DDG) and the Long Range Anti-Ship Missile. <Accessed 2019-08-05>

China Warns U.S. Against Sending Missiles to Asia Amid Fears of an Arms Race (2019-08-06)
(New York Times, By Alan Yuhas) China warned it would “not stand idly by” if the United States deployed ground-based missiles to Asia, as a bruising trade war and strained relations fueled fears of an arms race between Beijing, Washington and Moscow. <Accessed 2019-08-10>

Currency War with China Dooms Trade Talks (2019-08-07)
(Foreign Policy, By Keith Johnson) China responded to the 10 percent tariffs on the $300 billion worth of Chinese goods by weakening the renminbi. The U.S. Treasury Department officially designated China a currency manipulator because Beijing did not intervene to prevent market forces from pushing the renminbi down. <Accessed 2019-08-07>

‘Weaponized’ Currency and Mining Limits: China’s Responses to Trump Take Shape (2019-08-08)
(New York Times, By Alexandra Stevenson) Nearing the end of a tumultuous week that left stock markets reeling, Beijing began to show how it would fight back against President Trump’s threats to impose new tariffs on virtually everything China ships to the United States. The options extend beyond taxing American goods, and could shake global supply chains and the world financial system. <Accessed 2019-08-10>

US Lawmakers are Watching Hong Kong, and China Isn't Happy About That (2019-08-09)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) A series of comments from members of the U.S. Congress regarding the protests in Hong Kong sparked a response from China's Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying. Hua warned that "any attempt to interfere in Hong Kong affairs and China's internal affairs is doomed to fail". <Accessed 2019-08-09>

China Vows to Counter US Deployment of Midrange Missiles in Asia (2019-08-09)
(The Diplomat, By Christopher Bodeen) U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper has said that he wanted to deploy midrange conventional missiles in the Asia-Pacific within months. In response to Esper's remarks, China's director of the foreign ministry's Arms Control Department, Fu Cong, said that China would be forced to take countermeasures but did not specify what the countermeasures are. <Accessed 2019-08-09>

US Calls Beijing a ‘Thuggish Regime’ for ‘Harassing’ American Diplomat over Hong Kong Meeting with Joshua Wong (2019-08-09)
(South China Morning Post, By Owen Churchill) The United States on Thursday accused the Chinese government of being behind the leak of a Hong Kong-based US diplomat’s personal information, after a pro-Beijing newspaper disclosed details of the official’s personal life. <Accessed 2019-08-10>

China's Currency Devaluation Triggers US Charge of Manipulation (2019-08-10)
(The Diplomat, By Bonnie Girard) The effect on the devaluation of China's currency could drastically affect China's import prices. China also faces a huge risk of the price of crude oil escalating. Additionally, China will also a significant political cost on its Belt and Road Initiative. <Accessed 2019-08-10>

What Happened to the US-China Trade Deal? (2019-08-10)
(The Diplomat, By Paul Wiseman) The U.S.-China trade negotiations are in trouble and both sides are less trusting of each other. Central banks around the world are cutting interest rates to protect their economies. Both Presidents Trump and Xi have their own reasons to avoid concessions. <Accessed 2019-08-10>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
China's Domestic Politics

China's New Carrier to Begin New Round of Sea Trials this Week (2019-08-05)
(The Diplomat, By Franz-Stefan Gady) China's People's Liberation Army Navy's (PLAN) first locally designed and built aircraft carrier will start a four-day sea trials. The sea trials are carried out to test the carrier's propulsion system and electronic communication systems. <Accessed 2019-08-05>

The Resurrection of State Capitalism in China
(East Asia Forum, By Weihuan Zhou, Henry Gao, and Xue Bai) China’s economic reform has reached such a crossroads again and external stimulus like clearer international rules on SOEs might be exactly what it needs to abate the resurrection of state capitalism. <Accessed 2019-08-10>

The Future of the PLA (2019-08-07)
(Foreign Policy, By Zhou Bo) China aspires to play a bigger role in global security governance. The PLA's efforts, such as conducting joint military exercises, participating in humanitarian missions, and leading peacekeeping missions demonstrate the PLA's goal of incorporating China's national interests with its international responsibilities. <Accessed 2019-08-07>

Beijing and Hong Kong

Why is Hong Kong Erupting? (2019-08-04)
(Foreign Policy, By James Palmer) Despite Hong Kong's Chief Executive Carrie Lam announcing that the controversial extradition bill is "dead", Hong Kong protesters are still angry. The bill has not formally been withdrawn from the legislature. The protests also symbolize the protesters' brewing anger which has been culminating since the 2014 pro-democratic protests. <Accessed 2019-08-04>

Citywide Strike Paralyses Hong Kong, Descends into Chaos
(Al Jazeera, By Casey Quackenbush) Thousands of Hong Kong protesters went on strike this Monday, blocking roads and tunnels, halting hundreds of flights, and leaving thousands of businesses closed. The strike and protests eventually descended into violent clashes as police began firing tear gas, protesters besieged police stations, and white-clad men attacked protesters. Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam made her first public appearance in two weeks on Monday yet offered no concessions and criticized protesters. <Accessed 2019-08-06>

China Warns Hong Kong Protesters Not to ‘Take Restraint for Weakness’
(New York Times, By Austin Ramzy and Tiffany May) An official in Beijing on Tuesday issued China’s sternest denunciation yet of the demonstrations in Hong Kong, saying they had “exceeded the scope of free assembly” and warning that the semiautonomous city would not be allowed to descend into chaos. <Accessed 2019-08-06>

Protests, General Strike Bring Hong Kong to a Standstill (2019-08-06)
(The Diplomat, By Yanan Wang and Christopher Bodeen) Hong Kong witnessed a general strike on Monday with protesters starting fires outside police stations and hurling bricks and eggs at officers. Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam remarked that Hong Kong is on "the verge of a very dangerous situation". <Accessed 2019-08-06>

China’s Envoys Try to Rally Europe to Beijing’s Side on Hong Kong Protests (2019-08-07)
(South China Morning Post, By Keegan Elmer) China is stepping up its attempts to rally global support for its handling of protests in Hong Kong, with its ambassadors in Europe calling for condemnation of the violence in the city. <Accessed 2019-08-10>

China's Paramilitary Police could Crush Hong Kong (2019-08-07)
(Foreign Policy, By Hilton Yip) The idea of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) moving in to Hong Kong to quell the protests would be worrying, the introduction of the People's Armed Police (PAP) bear similar concern. The PAP has been seen actively quelling mass demonstrations across China. In the event China decides to initiate steps to enforce martial law on Hong Kong, it could potentially send in the PAP.<Accessed 2019-08-07>

China’s Theory for Hong Kong Protests: Secret American Meddling (2019-08-08)
(New York Times, By Andrew Higgins) The accusations of foreign meddling are a sign that Beijing, already bitterly at odds with Washington over trade, has decided to add Hong Kong to its list of grievances against the United States. <Accessed 2019-08-10>

Hong Kong Protesters Descend on Airport, With Plans to Stay for Days (2019-08-09)
(New York Times, By Katherine Li and Mike Ives) The protest in the airport’s arrivals hall, which is planned to last through Sunday, came as Hong Kong reeled from its worst political crisis since Britain handed the former colony back to China in 1997, and less than a week after protests and a general strike caused chaos in the city and led to 148 arrests. <Accessed 2019-08-10>

China Foreign Relations

Smart Cities or Surveillance? Huawei in Central Asia? (2019-08-09)
(The Diplomat, By Yau Tsz Yan) China's successful efforts in launching its cyber-connected "smart" cities in 2014 has paved the way for China to export its systems to Central Asia. Now, China has successfully built its tech presence in Central Asia, with the governments in these countries using Chinese cameras to monitor traffic and watching over public spaces, including China's ownership of some of the telecommunication providers in Central Asia. <Accessed 2019-08-09>

The case for Boycotting Beijing 2022 (2019-08-09)
(The Diplomat, By Evan Karlik) The mass incarceration of Xinjiang's Uyghurs warrant a boycott of the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics unless the Xinjiang's internment camps are demolished. The international community should join hands and demonstrate its strong conviction that people should be able to practice their respective religions freely and without fear. <Accessed 2019-08-09>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

Duterte’s China Development Plan for South China Sea Islands ‘Poses Security Risk’ for Philippines
(South China Morning Post, By Jeoffrey Maitem) Defence officials say plans by Chinese investors to develop infrastructure and tourism facilities on three Philippine islands pose a security risk and undermine Manila’s position in its dispute with Beijing over the South China Sea. <Accessed 2019-08-06>

Chinese Ship Heads Away from Vietnam in South China Sea Standoff (2019-08-07)
(Reuters, By James Pearson) After a month-long standoff with Vietnamese vessels, a Chinese survey ship has exited Vietnam's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). The survey vessel, now situated near one of China's artificial islands, was believed to be surveying Vietnam's offshore oil blocks. At least two of the ship's coast guard escorts are believed to still be near the oil blocks. <Accessed 2019-08-07>

China's Incursion into Vietnam's EEZ and Lessons from the Past (2019-08-08)
(CSIS, By Huong Le Thu) Chinese incursions in Vietnam’s continental shelf and exclusive economic zone (EEZ) are by no means a new phenomenon. The most serious recent incident occurred in 2014, when China deployed an oil rig, the HYSY-981, into Vietnam’s claimed EEZ, resulting in a diplomatic crisis between the two neighbours. The current situation near Vanguard Bank, however, represents a more serious challenge on several levels. <Accessed 2019-08-10>

As Duterte Drifts Toward China, a U.S. Carrier Makes a Point in Manila (2019-08-08)
(New York Times, By Jason Gutierrez) Amid concerns in the Philippines about the future of its military alliance with the United States, the aircraft carrier Ronald Reagan moored off Manila this week to show support for an ally locked in a territorial dispute with China. <Accessed 2019-08-10>

Philippines to Protest Chinese Ships Presence Amid Troubled Ties (2019-08-09)
(Reuters, By Neil Jerome Morales) The Philippines will send off a diplomatic protest, according to its foreign affairs secretary, in response to two unauthorized Chinese research vessels in its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). This incident comes after the spotting of over a hundred Chinese fishing vessels near a Filipino-administered island. President Rodrigo Duterte is expected to discuss South China Sea disputes during his meeting with President Xi Jinping this month. <Accessed 2019-08-09>

The Korean Peninsula

North Korea Fires More Ballistic Missiles Ahead of U.S.-South Korea Military Drill
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) North Korea on Tuesday launched two short-range ballistic missiles into the sea between the Korean Peninsula and Japan, days before the United States and South Korea were scheduled to begin a joint military exercise. The launch marked the fourth test of projectiles in 13 days by North Korea. <Accessed 2019-08-06>

Kim Jong Un Turns Up the Pressure on the United States (2019-08-05)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) Kim Jong Un's acts of inspecting a new submarine and overseeing tests of a new short-range ballistic missile system and a new multiple-launch rocket system demonstrate North Korea's pressure on the U.S. Kim has also assured the ruling Workers' Party that he is steadfastly committed to a strong and self-reliant national defense. <Accessed 2019-08-05>

North Korea's Kim Says Missile Tests 'Warning' to South Korea, US (2019-08-07)
(Al Jazeera, By Staff Writer) North Korea on Tuesday tested a new type of tactical guided missile, the fourth weapons test in twelve days. According to North Korean state media, the launches were in response to the currently ongoing South Korean-U.S. military exercises and were intended as a warning. It is believed that both the military exercises and missile launches will stall potential denuclearization talks for the time being. <Accessed 2019-08-07>

North Korea Launches Projectiles Despite ‘Beautiful Letter’ from Kim Jong-un to Trump (2019-08-09)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) North Korea fired two projectiles off its east coast on Saturday, hours after President Trump said he had received a “very beautiful letter” from the North’s leader, Kim Jong-un. <Accessed 2019-08-10>

Other Regional Issues

As Japan and South Korea Feud Intensifies, U.S. Seems Unwilling, or Unable, to Help
(New York Times, By Motoko Rich, Edward Wong and Choe Sang-Hun) Washington has long relied on both countries to stand alongside it to help counter China’s rise and the nuclear-armed North. But despite the dangers of a deepening divide between its allies, the Trump administration has been reluctant to get involved to repair the rift. <Accessed 2019-08-06>

The Four Asian Tigers are Not Immune to US-China Trade War (2019-08-05)
(The Diplomat, By Chen Gong and Song Junjie) The US-China trade war has negatively affected Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan. Taiwan's machinery and electronics orders fell and the number of mergers and acquisitions in Hong Kong has declined. The trade war impacted Singapore's manufacturing industry while hurting South Korea's exports of information and communication technology (ICT) products. <Accessed 2019-08-05>

Vietnam's Strange Ally in Its Fight with China (2019-08-05)
(Foreign Policy, By Bennett Murray) Vietnam has found an unlikely ally in its dispute with China over drilling within China's imprecise and self-defined nine-dash line - the Russian government. Russia might not challenge China head-on and China, on the other hand, has to thread carefully due to its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) that seeks to connect Eurasia, with routes that Russia considers to be its backyard. <Accessed 2019-08-05>

The Biggest Threat to the US Indo-Pacific Strategy? Washington Itself (2019-08-05)
(The Diplomat, By Derek Grossman) Despite the United States appearing to be the biggest threat to the success of the Indo-Pacific Strategy, its allies and partners are willing to look past its missteps so long as the United States continues to support their national security strategies. However, in the event the United States shows that it can no longer lead the region, its allies might eventually weigh in on its inconsistencies. <Accessed 2019-08-05>

How Beijing and Others Weaponizes Interpol and the Magnitsky Act (2019-08-05)
(The Diplomat, By Rob Edens) China has openly manipulated the Interpol system over the years to pursue dissidents and exiles all the world over. This has led to the Interpol re-examining tens of thousands of wanted person notices and human rights groups accusing the Interpol of being involved in state-sponsored activities to apprehend dissidents. <Accessed 2019-08-05>

U.S. Seeks to Renew Pacific Islands Security Pact to Foil China (2019-08-05)
(Reuters, By Colin Packham and Jonathan Barrett) U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo stated Monday that negotiations have begun with Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, and Palau to renew the Compact of Free Association. The deal, which focuses on national security, grants the U.S. military access to the nations' airspace and territorial waters in exchange for financial assistance. China in recent years has become the region’s largest bilateral lender. <Accessed 2019-08-05>

How Should Canada Approach its China Problem? (2019-08-09)
(The Diplomat, By Richard Shimooka) In response to the detention of Huawei executive Meng Wanzhou in Vancouver, China has detained two Canadian citizens on charges of stealing state secrets and imposed a ban on Canadian agricultural products. Canada must shore up its diplomatic efforts and build defense ties with key allies and partners to signal to China that Canada cannot be coerced or intimidated. <Accessed 2019-08-09>

In China's Credit Ratings, Democracies Pay a Price (2019-08-10)
(Foreign Policy, By Scott Kennedy) China's Dagong Global Credit Rating, which did not attract much attention when it started, turned the world upside down by awarding China high credit ratings. Dagong overrates authoritarian regimes while underrates democracies. Although Dagong's ratings have not been adopted by China or other states, they reinforce norms favored by China and serve as an incentive system for governments and investors. <Accessed 2019-08-10>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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Recent Publication Kerry Gershaneck, "To Win without Fighting: Defining China's Political Warfare" (Expeditions with Marine Corps University Press)
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