::: TSR Weekly Report
2019-12-31 | NO.43(53) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).  
Cross-Strait Relations
Tsai Ing-wen Defends Taiwan Sovereignty in Heated Debate (2019-12-30)
(UPI, By Elizabeth Shim) The situation in Hong Kong is becoming the source of heated discussion in Taiwan's presidential race as President Tsai Ing-wen seeks re-election in January. <Accessed 2019-12-31> 

Independence Poll Shows Widening Gap (2019-12-30)
(Taipei Times, By Ann Maxon) Nearly 60 percent of young Taiwanese support independence as national identity is becoming increasingly divided along generational lines, a survey released yesterday by the Chinese-language CommonWealth Magazine (天下雜誌) showed. <Accessed 2019-12-31> 

Beijing Claims Parties in Taiwan Have ‘Actively Explored’ Its ‘One Country, Two Systems’ Model (2020-01-02)
(South China Morning Post, By Sarah Zheng) Beijing claimed on Thursday that political parties and other groups in Taiwan had “actively explored” its proposals for the “one country, two systems” model of semi-autonomous government on the island. <Accessed 2020-01-05>

Deadly Taiwan Helicopter Crash ‘Won’t Affect Military Operations or Defence against Beijing’ (2020-01-03)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan’s military suffered a serious loss of top brass in one of its deadliest air crashes on Thursday, but observers said it would not affect operations or the island’s defence against Beijing. <Accessed 2020-01-05>

Factbox: Key Facts on Taiwan-China Relations Ahead of Taiwan Elections (2020-01-04)
(Reuters, By Ben Blanchard and Yimou Lee) Taiwan goes to the polls next Saturday to elect a new president and parliament. China, which considers Taiwan merely a Chinese province and part of its territory, will be watching the outcome closely. <Accessed 2020-01-06> 

China’s Xi Meets Kiribati Leader After Switch From Taiwan (2020-01-06)
(Washington Post, By Yanan Wang) Chinese President Xi Jinping lauded Kiribati on Monday for “standing on the right side of history” during his first meeting with the Pacific island nation’s leader since it severed ties with Taiwan. <Accessed 2020-01-06> 
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
Military Buys Anti-Tank Arms, Launchers from US (2020-01-01)
(Taipei Times/CNA) The military is procuring NT$11.3 billion (US$375.3 million) of anti-tank missiles and launch platforms from the US, a government notice of award posted online showed on Monday. The updated notice of award posted on the government’s e-procurement system Web site showed that the deal involves the NT$7.5 billion purchase of TOW 2Bs, following a procurement of 460 of the missiles in March 2018 that cost NT$3.8 billion. <Accessed 2020-01-05>

U.S. Military Chief Extends Condolences Over Deaths in Chopper Crash
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh, Matt Yu, Elaine Hou, and Ko Lin) General Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States, expressed condolences Thursday over the death of Taiwan's Chief of General Staff Shen Yi-ming (沈一鳴), who was among eight people killed in a Black Hawk helicopter crash in New Taipei earlier in the day. <Accessed 2020-01-05>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics

2020 Elections: Small Parties Need Clearer Identities, Academics Say (2019-12-29)
(Taipei Times/CNA) The number of small parties running in Jan. 11’s legislative elections have reached a record 19, but whether they can secure seats depends on whether they can find clear identities to appeal to voters, according to academics. <Accessed 2019-12-29>

In Final Appeals, Tsai Talks Competence, Han His Down-To-Earth Nature (2019-12-29)
(CNA, By Lee Hsin-Yin) At Sunday's presidential debate, the last chance to impress Taiwanese voters in a televised setting, the three candidates shaped their closing messages to project images they hope will spur them to victory on Jan. 11. <Accessed 2019-12-29>

Taiwan’s Anti-infiltration Bill Is Passed as Opposition Lawmakers Protest (2019-12-31)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan’s independence-leaning lawmakers have pushed through a controversial bill in the final legislative session of the year that critics say could have a chilling effect on the self-ruled island and worsen ties with Beijing. <Accessed 2020-01-05>

Taiwan's Military Raises Alert Status for Upcoming Elections (2019-12-31)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) Taiwan's military is on "focused alert" for the Jan. 11 presidential and legislative elections, which puts the troops on guard against possible external threats and any internal contingencies, the Ministry of National Defense (MND) said Tuesday. <Accessed 2020-01-05>

Anti-Infiltration Bill Passes Legislature Amid Protests (2019-12-31)
(CNA, By Chen Chun-hau and Joseph Yeh) An anti-infiltration bill which criminalizes political activities backed by hostile foreign forces such as China, was pushed through the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP)-controlled legislature Tuesday, despite protests from the opposition that the bill could be used to suppress those who hold different political views to the government. <Accessed 2020-01-05>

52 Black Hawk Helicopters Grounded After Fatal Crash (2020-01-02)
(CNA, By Matt Yu, Huang Li-yun and Evelyn Kao) Taiwan has grounded 52 UH-60M Black Hawk helicopters after the nation's chief of general staff and seven other officers were killed when a military Black Hawk helicopter crashed in a mountainous region in the north of the country Thursday. <Accessed 2020-01-06> 

Taiwan Defense Officials Meet After Crash Kills Top Officer (2020-01-02)
(Washington Post/AP News) Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen convened a meeting of top defense officials and urged them Friday to be on a lookout for military developments concerning China following a helicopter crash that killed the island’s top military officer and other prominent personnel. <Accessed 2020-01-06> 

Tsai Lists 3 Assurances to Stabilize Military After Chopper Crash (2020-01-03)
(CNA, By Elaine Hou, Yu Kai-hsiang, Yeh Su-ping, Yu Hsiang, Chen Chun-hua, Liu Kuan-ting, and Frances Huang) President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文) presented "three assurances" to boost military morale at a national defense meeting held Friday, one day after a deadly helicopter crash in which eight military officers died, including Chief of the General Staff Shen Yi-ming (沈一鳴). <Accessed 2020-01-05>

Taiwan's Foreign Relations

Taiwan Thanks Palau for Strong Support Over 20 Years (2019-12-30)
(CNA, By Yeh Su-ping and Joseph Yeh) Vice President Chen Chien-jen (陳建仁) on Monday thanked Palau for being a staunch supporter of Taiwan's efforts to participate in international organizations, at an event to mark the 20th anniversary of diplomatic relations between the two countries. <Accessed 2019-12-31> 

Ties with Pacific Allies Are Stable, Ministry Says (2020-01-01)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Chia-nan) Taiwan’s diplomatic relations with its four remaining Pacific allies are stable and the government would continue deepening ties with the Marshall Islands after its newly elected senators pick a new president by Monday next week, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said yesterday. <Accessed 2020-01-02>

Taiwan Congratulates New Marshall Islands President on Election Win (2020-01-06)
(CNA, By Ku Chuan and Joseph Yeh) Taiwan on Monday congratulated Marshall Islands President-elect David Kabua on his victory in a parliamentary vote earlier in the day and said the new leader was supportive of his country's diplomatic ties with Taiwan. <Accessed 2020-01-06> 
U.S.-China Relations
China Calls for Calm after Top Iranian Military Leader Killed in US Air Strike (2020-01-03)
(South China Morning Post, By Wendy Wu) Beijing called on all sides, especially Washington, to exercise restraint as tensions rise in the Middle East, with Iran vowing harsh revenge after its top military commander was killed in a US air strike on Friday. <Accessed 2020-01-05>

The US-China Tech Wars: China’s Immigration Disadvantage
(The Diplomat, By Remco Zwetsloot and Dahlia Peterson) But instead of leveraging the main comparative advantage it has, the United States, due to problems both new and old, has become increasingly unwelcoming to international talent. At a time when leadership in emerging technologies is central to national security and when international talent is central to that leadership, immigration reform must become a U.S. national security priority. <Accessed 2020-01-04>

China Trade Delegation to Travel to Washington on January 13 to Sign Phase One Deal (2020-01-05)
(South China Morning Post, By Zhou Xin) The Chinese trade delegation tentatively plans to travel to Washington on January 13 for the signing of the phase one agreement that would herald a truce in the costly trade war between the world’s two largest economies. <Accessed 2020-01-05>

3 Keys to a Peaceful China-US Maritime Coexistence (2020-01-04)
(The Diplomat, By Hu Bo) We may have reasons to be cautiously optimistic about overall peace, thanks to nuclear deterrence and the interdependence of interests. However, there will be a long-lasting period of trouble and uncertainty before a new equilibrium would be finally formed. During this time, the possibility of small-scale armed conflict is increasing. <Accessed 2020-01-04>

The Investment War with China: Assessing American Pressure (2020-01-04)
(The Diplomat, By Jean-Marc F. Blanchard) There are multiple forces fueling the war against COFDI. As for COFDI entering the United States, a central concern is to prevent China from gaining access to “resources” that could aid it militarily or dramatically boost its economic competitiveness. <Accessed 2020-01-04>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Domestic Politics in Mainland China

China Moves to Steady Its Slowing Economic Growth (2020-01-01)
(New York Times, By Carlos Tejada and Ben Casselman) China on Wednesday moved to pump more cash into its financial system, suggesting that Beijing remained concerned about faltering growth despite signs that the world’s second-largest economy was stabilizing. <Accessed 2020-01-05>

What’s in Store for China’s Economy in 2020?
(The Diplomat, By Plamen Tonchev) A prosperous China would be good news for the world. An increasingly panting China, which is the likeliest outlook at present, is bad news – not just for Beijing, but for the global economy, too. And 2020, as well as the decade after it, will be fraught with difficulties for China. <Accessed 2020-01-04>

Beijing and Hong Kong

Hong Kong Protesters Return to Streets as New Year Begins (2019-12-31)
(New York Times, By Russell Goldman and Elaine Yu) A peaceful New Year’s Day march descended within a few hours into violent clashes. <Accessed 2020-01-05>

Hong Kong Rings in New Year With Tear Gas, Clashes in Downtown (2020-01-01)
(Bloomberg, By Shelly Banjo, Aaron Mc Nicholas, and Vinicy Chan) Hong Kong began 2020 with a familiar sight: Tear gas, fires, vandalism and roadblocks in busy downtown areas as protesters vowed to maintain their fight for more democracy and less Chinese control. Riot police battled demonstrators into the night after large crowds of mostly peaceful demonstrators flooded streets from Causeway Bay to Central. <Accessed 2020-01-02>

Hong Kong’s Looming 2047 Question
(The Diplomat, By Brian Wong) It is thus imperative that dialogue and exploration of what post-2047 Hong Kong and China look like begin now. Hong Kongers are right that the city is both internationally prominent and hyper-connected to the wider world, yet to believe that such comparative advantages grant it the ability to petulantly discard the hyperconnectivity between Hong Kong and mainland China would be ludicrous. <Accessed 2020-01-04>

China Taps ‘Strongman’ for Hong Kong in Signal to Protesters (2020-01-04)
(Bloomberg) China has named a party stalwart with no experience in Hong Kong as its new top official based in the city, signaling its intention to restore law and order after almost seven months of social unrest. Luo Huining will take over from Wang Zhimin as the Hong Kong liaison office director, the government said in a two-sentence statement on Saturday that didn’t elaborate on the changes in the semi-autonomous financial hub. <Accessed 2020-01-05>

China's Foreign Relations

China’s Climate Diplomacy 2.0 (2020-01-04)
(The Diplomat, By Marina Kaneti) In analyzing what is next for China and the world, it is therefore important to recognize China’s climate diplomacy within the context of China’s broader geopolitical vision. This will allow for conceptualizing the scope of Chinese diplomatic engagement not only within the parameters of climate change, but also with regards to its overarching geostrategic positioning and ambition. The current Chinese government approach to climate diplomacy is not, and will not be, about climate change alone. <Accessed 2020-01-04>

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi Looks to Boost Ties with Africa on Five-nation New Year Tour (2020-01-04)
(South China Morning Post, By Jevans Nyabiage) Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi will visit five African countries next week as Beijing’s steps up its economic and security engagement with the region amid growing criticism that its lending practices are creating debt traps. <Accessed 2020-01-05>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

Indonesia Rejects China's Claims Over South China Sea (2020-01-01)
(Reuters) Indonesia said on Wednesday it rejected China’s claims over a disputed part of the South China Sea as “having no legal basis”, after two days earlier protesting to Beijing over the presence of a Chinese coastguard vessel in its territorial waters. <Accessed 2020-01-02>

Indonesia Steps Up Sea Patrols to Monitor China Fishing Boats (2020-01-03)
(Bloomberg, By Harry Suhartono) Indonesia’s military has stepped up naval and aerial patrols of the Natuna Sea area because of a rising number of Chinese fishing vessels in the region. The Southeast Asian nation has deployed three ships and two aircraft in the gas-rich North Natuna Sea, and two additional vessels are on the way to join the group, Yudo Margono, commander of the Joint Regional Defense Command, said in statement. <Accessed 2020-01-05>

The Korean Peninsula

N Korea Begins Key Meeting Before Year-End Deadline for US (2019-12-29)
(Associated Press, By Hyung-Jin Kim) North Korea has opened a high-profile political conference to discuss how to overcome “harsh trials and difficulties,” state media reported Sunday, days before a year-end deadline set by Pyongyang for Washington to make concessions in nuclear negotiations. <Accessed 2019-12-29>

North Korea Is No Longer Bound by Nuclear Test Moratorium, Kim Says (2019-12-31)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-un, ​said his country no longer felt bound by its self-imposed moratorium on testing nuclear weapons and long-range ballistic missiles, its official media reported on Wednesday, the strongest indication yet that the country could soon resume such tests. <Accessed 2020-01-05>

Other Regional Issues

U.S. Government Limits Exports of Artificial Intelligence Software (2020-01-03)
(Reuters) The Trump administration will make it more difficult to export artificial intelligence software as of next week, part of a bid to keep sensitive technologies out of the hands of rival powers like China. Under a new rule that goes into effect on Monday, companies that export certain types of geospatial imagery software from the United States must apply for a license to send it overseas except when it is being shipped to Canada. <Accessed 2020-01-05>

China, South Korea, and Japan Make Nice in Chengdu (2020-01-04)
(The Diplomat, By Eleanor Albert) From Chengdu, Li, Moon, and Abe expressed their shared interest in peace on the Korean Peninsula and denuclearization. “We three countries are willing to work together with the international community to solve the issue of Korea Peninsula in a political way,” Li said at a joint press conference. <Accessed 2020-01-04>

What New Weapons Systems Will the Indo-Pacific See in 2020? (2020-01-04)
(The Diplomat, By Franz-Stefan Gady) The Indo-Pacific will remain the most militarized region in the world in 2020. The two largest global military spenders — the United States and China — will continue to be responsible for a large chunk of regional defense expenditure in the new year. Other Indo-Pacific nations are also set to spend large amounts of money on new military hardware over the next twelve months. <Accessed 2020-01-04>

What Would a Pluralist US Asia Policy Look Like? (2020-01-04)
(The Diplomat, By Prashanth Parameswaran) It is also unclear to what extent Washington could overcome the challenges and complexities inherent in moving forward with a more pluralistic Asia policy. The United States has often found it difficult to balance respecting pluralism and preserving its own primacy in the region in practice, and this has been clearly visible to regional observers, with a case in point being Washington’s opposition to Japan’s proposed creation of an Asian Monetary Fund after the Asian Financial Crisis in the late 1990s or China’s vision for the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the 2010s. <Accessed 2020-01-04>

China Trade Questions Confound Australia’s Indo-Pacific Shift (2020-01-05)
(East Asia Forum, By James Laurenceson) The tension between Australia’s strategic and economic interests will remain, making the practice of foreign policy, particularly vis-a-vis China, an ongoing challenge. <Accessed 2020-01-05>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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Recent Publication Gerald Chan, China’s Maritime Silk Road: Advancing Global Development? (Edward Elgar Publishing)
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