::: TSR Weekly Report
2020-01-18 | NO.43(55) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
Election Aside, Taiwan’s Generation Gap Will Shape Relations With China (2020-01-12)
(The Diplomat, By Jeremy Huai-Che Chiang) But while it is tempting to infer the trajectory of cross-strait relations through the lens of one election, an increasingly apparent generation gap in Taiwanese identity politics provides a better vantage point to understand Taiwan’s future relations with China. <Accessed 2020-01-12>

Separatists Will 'Stink for 10,000 Years', China Says After Taiwan Vote (2020-01-13)
(Reuters, By Huizhong Wu, Lusha Zhang, and Judy Hua) Separatists will “leave a stink for 10,000 years”, the Chinese government’s top diplomat said on Monday, in Beijing’s most strongly worded reaction yet to Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen’s re-election on the back of a message of standing up to Beijing. <Accessed 2020-01-13>

China Likely to Increase Pressure Against Taiwan: Analysts (2020-01-13)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) China is likely to increase its pressure on Taiwan on many fronts as a result of Saturday's presidential and legislative elections, foreign and local analysts who observed the polls said at a workshop Sunday afternoon. <Accessed 2020-01-13>

China Needs to Show Taiwan Respect, Says President (2020-01-14)
(BBC, By John Sudworth) Taiwan's President Tsai Ing-wen has told the BBC that China needs to "face reality" and show the island "respect". <Accessed 2020-01-15> 

China's Response to Tsai's Cross-Strait Proposals Impractical: MAC (2020-01-15)
(CNA, By Miao Zong-han, Huang Li-yun, Yeh Su-ping, and Chiang Yi-ching) Taipei said Wednesday that China's reaffirmation of the "1992 consensus" earlier in the day in response to President Tsai Ing-wen's (蔡英文) proposal for positive cross-strait interactions was not in keeping with the democratic wishes of the Taiwan people. <Accessed 2020-01-20>

2020 Elections: Majority Favors Cross-Strait Dialogue: Poll (2020-01-16)
(Taipei Times, Lin Chia-nan) A majority of respondents in a post-election opinion poll urged President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文) to initiate a cross-strait dialogue, while Beijing’s latest moves indicate that it might be considering softening its Taiwan policy, the pan-green Cross-Strait Policy Association said yesterday. <Accessed 2020-01-16> 

Beijing Should Tell Taiwan and Hong Kong What It Has to Gain from Them (2020-01-18)
(South China Morning Post, By Rana Mitter) Beijing has never made a clear case as to how it would integrate a lively liberal democracy into its polity, and plenty of Taiwanese have seen what they view as the erosion of such freedoms in Hong Kong as an example of how Beijing’s promises can’t be guaranteed. <Accessed 2020-01-18>

KMT to Mull Cross-Strait Policy (2020-01-18)
(Taipei Times, By Ann Maxon) The Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) would decide whether to improve or abandon the so-called “1992 consensus” after considering the opinions of party members and the public, Acting KMT Secretary-General William Tseng (曾銘宗) said yesterday. <Accessed 2020-01-19
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
President Pitches Taiwan-US Trade Deal (2020-01-14)
(Taipei Times/CNA) President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文) yesterday again floated the idea of a trade agreement between Taiwan and the US during a meeting with a delegation from the American Enterprise Institute. <Accessed 2020-01-15> 

Central Bank to Communicate with U.S. After Forex Report (2020-01-14)
(CNA, By Wu Po-wei, Pan Tzu-yu and Frances Huang) Taiwan's central bank said Tuesday that it will continue to communicate with the United States authorities after the latest foreign exchange report released by the U.S. Department of the Treasury a day earlier indicates Taiwan is close to the threshold of being placed on the currency monitoring list. <Accessed 2020-01-15> 

China Tells US to Respect Its Territorial Integrity after USS Shiloh Sails through Taiwan Strait (2020-01-17)
(South China Morning Post, By Sarah Zheng) China said it closely followed and monitored a US Navy warship sailing through the Taiwan Strait on Friday, calling on the US to respect China’s territorial integrity. <Accessed 2020-01-18>

Former US Defence Official Calls US Arms Sales to Taiwan A Catalyst for Cross-Strait Dialogue (2020-01-17)
(South China Morning Post, By Mark Magnier) US military sales to Taiwan are a force for stability and a catalyst for cross-Strait dialogue, allowing Taipei to negotiate with Beijing “without a gun to their heads”, said a recently departed senior US defence official and prime architect of the US Indo-Pacific strategy. <Accessed 2020-01-18>

AIT Head Highlights U.S.-Taiwan Shared Future Entering 2020 (2020-01-17)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim and Elaine Hou) American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) Director Brent Christensen praised the strong partnership and close people-to-people ties between the United States and Taiwan as 2020 gets underway at a conference in Taipei on Friday. Speaking at the fourth Digital Dialogues Public Forum, Christensen said the AIT's theme for 2020, "Real Friends, Real Progress," underscored the strength of the relationship. <Accessed 2020-01-20>

Military Confirms US Warship Transited Strait (2020-01-18)
(Taipei Times/CNA) The Ministry of National Defense and the US Seventh Fleet yesterday confirmed that a US Navy warship has sailed through the Taiwan Strait, less than one week after the presidential and legislative elections on Saturday last week. <Accessed 2020-01-19> 

U.S. Senate's Taiwan Caucus Congratulates Tsai on Reelection (2020-01-18)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh, Chen Yun-yu and Ko Lin) Members of the Taiwan Caucus in the United States Senate on Friday sent a congratulatory letter to President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文) on her reelection to a second term in the Jan. 11 presidential election. <Accessed 2020-01-19> 
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics

Taiwan Candidates Rally as KMT Official Accused of Attempting to Bribe Chinese Defector (2020-01-12)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) Taiwan presidential candidate Han Kuo-yu of the opposition Kuomintang (KMT) held a major rally outside Taipei’s presidential office on Thursday as his party’s deputy secretary-general, Alex Tsai, found himself in the center of a last-minute scandal involving self-proclaimed Chinese spy Wang Liqiang. <Accessed 2020-01-12>

Premier Su Tseng-chang to Stay in Post (2020-01-13)
(CNA, By Ku Chuan and Joseph Yeh) Su Tseng-chang (蘇貞昌) will continue to serve as the country's premier after President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文) asked him to remain in the post earlier in the day, a Presidential Office spokesman said Monday. <Accessed 2020-01-13>

President Tsai Appoints New Chief of the General Staff (2020-01-15)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Emerson Lim) President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文) appointed Commander of the Republic of China (ROC) Navy Admiral Huang Shu-kuang (黃曙光) to the post of Chief of the General Staff Wednesday. Huang will succeed Shen Yi-ming (沈一鳴), who was killed in a Jan. 2 military helicopter crash, effective Jan. 16, the Ministry of National Defense (MND) said in a statement that day. <Accessed 2020-01-20>

President Reassures Public After Anti-Infiltration Act Takes Effect (2020-01-15)
(CNA, By Yeh Su-ping, Wen Kuei-hsiang, Wang Yang-yu, and Joseph Yeh) President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文) on Wednesday attempted to reassure the public that the Anti-infiltration Act will not affect nationals who conduct legal exchanges with Chinese counterparts, after officially promulgating the act into law earlier in the day. <Accessed 2020-01-20>

Seven Quit Top KMT Committee (2020-01-15)
(Taipei Times, By Ann Maxon) Seven Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) Central Standing Committee members, including legislators Johnny Chiang (江啟臣) and Chiang Wan-an (蔣萬安), have announced their resignations from the committee to reform the party following its defeats in Saturday’s elections. <Accessed 2020-01-20>

2020 Elections: Wu Quits Over KMT Election Defeats (2020-01-16)
(Taipei Times, By Shih Hsiao-kuang) Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) Chairman Wu Den-yih (吳敦義) yesterday offered his resignation to the KMT Central Standing Committee, while the party listed in a report seven major reasons for its defeat in Saturday’s elections. <Accessed 2020-01-16> 

Former NATO Chief Praises Taiwan’s Handling of Fake News (2020-01-16)
(Taiwan News, By Matthew Strong) Taiwan is a positive example of how to deal with external fake news trying to influence domestic politics, former Northern Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen told a meeting in India Wednesday. <Accessed 2020-01-16> 

Petition to Recall Han Passes 1st-Phase Requirement (2020-01-17)
(CNA, By Elaine Hou, Chen Chao-fu, and Elizabeth Hsu) The number of the signatures submitted for a high-profile petition to recall Kaohsiung Mayor Han Kuo-yu (韓國瑜) has passed the threshold for the first step of a recall process, the Central Election Commission (CEC) announced Friday. A total of 28,560 signatures were verified as valid, higher than the required minimum of 22,814 for the petition, the commission said. <Accessed 2020-01-20>

Prosecutors Probe Vote-Buying in New Taipei City, Yunlin (2020-01-18)
(Taipei Times, By Jason Pan) Law enforcement agencies on Thursday detained 21 people for questioning following raids at four locations in New Taipei City after they received allegations of vote-buying by a candidate in last Saturday’s legislative elections. <Accessed 2020-01-19> 

Taiwan's Foreign Relations

Taiwan’s Victorious President Tsai Ing-wen Meets US and Japanese Envoys to Repeat Calls for Closer Ties (2020-01-12)
(South China Morning Post, By William Zheng and Liu Zhen) Fresh from her landslide election victory, Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen met the de facto US and Japanese envoys in Taiwan on Sunday, as Beijing warned other countries to abide by the principle there is only one China. <Accessed 2020-01-18>

Taiwan Foreign Minister Attends Inauguration of Guatemalan President
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) Minister of Foreign Affairs Joseph Wu (吳釗燮) is currently in Guatemala for the inauguration of that country's President Alejandro Eduardo Giammattei, Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) said Tuesday. <Accessed 2020-01-15> 

Prague Mayor Explains Ditching Beijing for Taipei (2020-01-14)
(CNA, By Lin Yu-li and Joseph Yeh) Prague decided to terminate its sister city agreement with Beijing in favor of Taipei because the Chinese side showed "a lack of respect" to the city during talks over a "one-China policy" clause in the deal, Prague Mayor Zdenek Hřib told CNA Monday. <Accessed 2020-01-15> 

Talks Held with US in Guatemala (2020-01-18)
(Taipei TImes, Lin Chia-nan) The first quadrilateral talks between Taiwan, the US, Guatemala and Honduras took place on Tuesday in Guatemala during Minister of Foreign Affairs Joseph Wu’s (吳釗燮) visit to the nation’s Central American allies, Wu wrote on Twitter yesterday. <Accessed 2020-01-19> 

Foreign Minister Ends 5-Day Visit to Central American Allies: MOFA (2020-01-18)
(CNA, By Elaine Hou and Matthew Mazzetta) Foreign Minister Joseph Wu (吳釗燮) on Friday concluded a five-day visit to Guatemala and Honduras, reaffirming Taiwan's ties with two of its Central American diplomatic allies, following the Jan. 11 reelection of President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文), the foreign ministry said Saturday. <Accessed 2020-01-19> 
U.S.-China Relations
US Drops Designation of China as Currency Manipulator (2020-01-13)
(Associated Press, By Martin Crutsinger) The Trump administration is dropping its designation of China as a currency manipulator in advance of the signing Wednesday of a Phase 1 U.S.-China trade agreement. The preliminary pact that the two sides are set to sign this week includes a section that’s intended to prevent China from manipulating its currency to gain trade advantages. <Accessed 2020-01-13>

U.S. Energy Industry Looks for Clarity in China Trade Deal (2020-01-15)
(New York Times, By Clifford Krauss) The American energy industry offered cautious praise Wednesday for the signing of an initial trade deal with China, but executives expressed disappointment that it seemed to lack a commitment to remove Chinese tariffs that have hampered their sales over the last two years. <Accessed 2020-01-18>

A Trade Deal Meant to Heal Rifts Could Actually Make Them Worse (2020-01-16)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher) What it does not do is tackle the root causes of the trade war. <Accessed 2020-01-18>

U.S.-China Trade Deal to Have Limited Effect on Domestic Economy: MOEA (2020-01-16)
(CNA, By Liao Yu-yang and Matthew Mazzetta) The first phase of a trade agreement signed by the United States and China Wednesday will have only a limited impact on Taiwan's economy, according to an initial assessment by the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA). <Accessed 2020-01-16> 

US–China Trade Deal Disappoints (2020-01-19)
(East Asia Forum, By Jeffrey J Schott) Champagne corks popped on 15 January as US and Chinese officials signed phase one of their bilateral trade deal. But the celebration seems premature — the deal is flawed and likely to disappoint. <Accessed 2020-01-18>

China and Russia’s Push to Develop Hypersonic Weapons Raises Fears of Arms Race with US (2020-01-19)
(South China Morning Post, By Minnie Chan) Recent breakthroughs in the development of hypersonic weapons have heightened fears about a new arms race between China, Russia and the US, with some defence observers calling for new international arms control agreements. <Accessed 2020-01-18>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Domestic Politics in Mainland China

China’s Navy Commissions First-of-Class Type 055 Guided Missile Destroyer (2020-01-15)
(The Diplomat, By Franz-Stefan Gady) Type 055 surface combatants are multipurpose platforms and can be deployed in long-range air defense, anti-surface warfare, anti-air warfare, and anti-submarine warfare missions, next to others. <Accessed 2020-01-15>

China’s Improving Economic Data Masks Deeper Problems (2020-01-16)
(New York Times, By Alexandra Stevenson) China’s economy, a major engine of global growth, still faces some of its biggest challenges since it began opening up to the outside world four decades ago. <Accessed 2020-01-18>

Beijing and Hong Kong

Beijing’s New Man in Hong Kong (2020-01-12)
(The Diplomat, By Eleanor Albert) The leadership change illustrates Beijing’s frustration and disagreement with Wang’s approach to the growing discontent toward the mainland among Hong Kongers, and particularly among younger generations. Given Luo’s background, it is likely that his appointment signals Beijing’s desire to more ardently exert itself over Hong Kong. <Accessed 2020-01-12>

Hong Kong Denies Entry to Human Rights Watch Director, Group Says (2020-01-12)
(New York Times, By Neil Vigdor and Austin Ramzy) The head of an international human rights group who had planned to criticize China’s growing global influence at an event in Hong Kong said he was barred from entry on Sunday in the latest sign of eroding freedoms in the city. <Accessed 2020-01-18>

China's Foreign Relations

Try as It Might, Germany Isn’t Warming to Huawei (2020-01-12)
(The Diplomat, By Björn Alexander Düben) Party leaders and senior lawmakers across the political spectrum have published a steady stream of op-eds, position papers, and official statements warning against Huawei’s involvement in 5G development. <Accessed 2020-01-12>

China Renews Its ‘Belt and Road’ Push for Global Sway (2020-01-15)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher) Now the program, called the Belt and Road Initiative, has come roaring back. <Accessed 2020-01-18>

Germany Investigates 3 Suspected of Spying for China (2020-01-16)
(New York Times, By Melissa Eddy) German authorities raided the homes and offices of three people suspected of spying for the Chinese government, officials said on Thursday, giving no details about their identities or the nature of the alleged espionage. <Accessed 2020-01-18>

China Tells European Union It Won’t Miss Out Because of Trade Deal with US (2020-01-17)
(South China Morning Post, By Wendy Wu) China has sought to reassure European businesses that they will not be disadvantaged by Beijing’s recent trade deal with Washington, according to local diplomats and other sources. <Accessed 2020-01-18>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Deterrence and South China Sea Strategy: What Do the Latest China-Indonesia Natuna Tensions Tell Us? (2020-01-12)
(The Diplomat, By Prashanth Parameswaran) China’s growing assertiveness over the past few years has challenged Indonesia’s traditional approach, including through multiple incursions into Indonesian waters. And while the administration of Indonesian President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo has taken actions in response to periodic incursions, including shoring up military capabilities related to the Natunas and launching diplomatic protests, there has been no fundamental departure from Indonesia’s traditional approach and Chinese incursions have continued episodically. <Accessed 2020-01-12>

Trump-Kim Relationship No Longer Sufficient for US-North Korea Diplomacy: NK Official (2020-01-15)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) “There will never be such negotiations as that in Vietnam, in which we proposed exchanging a core nuclear facility of the country for the lift of some UN sanctions in a bid to lessen the sufferings of the peaceable people even a bit,” Kim said. <Accessed 2020-01-15>

Has the US Already Lost the Battle for the South China Sea? (2020-01-18)
(South China Morning Post, By John Power) Washington’s strategic advantage in the waterway, which holds massive untapped oil and gas reserves and through which about a third of global shipping passes, has diminished so much, according to some experts, that it is powerless to prevent Beijing from restricting access during peacetime and could struggle to gain the upper hand even in the event of an outright conflict with Chinese forces. <Accessed 2020-01-18>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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Recent Publication Gerald Chan, China’s Maritime Silk Road: Advancing Global Development? (Edward Elgar Publishing)
Recent Publication Kharis Templeman, Yun-han Chu, and Larry Diamond (eds.), Dynamics of Democracy in Taiwan: The Ma Ying-jeou Years (Lynne Rienner Publishers)
Forthcoming Publication Mei-Fang Fan, Deliberative Democracy in Taiwan: A Deliberative Systems Perspective (Routledge)
Recent Publication Kerry Gershaneck, "To Win without Fighting: Defining China's Political Warfare" (Expeditions with Marine Corps University Press)
Recent Publication James Lee, "Did Thucydides Believe in Thucydides’ Trap? The History of the Peloponnesian War and Its Relevance to U.S.-China Relations" (Journal of Chinese Political Science)
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